Karakterisasi Sensor Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) dari Bahan SnO2 Didoping dengan Al2O3

Nesfi Addina, Elvaswer Elvaswer

Abstract


Karakterisasi terhadap sensor gas LPG dari bahan SnO2 didoping dengan Al2O3 telah dilakukan. Sampel dibuat dengan persentase doping 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% dan 10% mol terhadap bahan dasar SnO2. Sensor gas LPG diuji pada temperatur ruang untuk mendapatkan karakteristik I-V, nilai sensitivitas, selektivitas, konduktivitas, waktu respon dan karakterisasi XRD. Berdasarkan pengukuran karakteristik I-V, sensitivitas tertinggi pada sampel 92% mol SnO2 + 8 % mol  Al2O3 yaitu 4,33 pada tegangan 12 volt. Nilai selektivitas tertinggi terdapat pada sampel 92% mol SnO2 + 8 % mol Al2O3 yaitu 2,67 pada tegangan 6 volt. Nilai konduktivitas tertinggi dimiliki sampel 92% mol SnO2 + 8 % mol Al2O3 yaitu 12,06 x 10-4/Ω.m pada lingkungan LPG. Waktu respon sampel  92% mol SnO2 + 8 % mol Al2O3 yaitu 45 s pada tegangan 24 volt. Hasil XRD menunjukkan ukuran kristal 92% mol SnO2 + 8 % mol Al2O3 yaitu 43,67 nm lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan 100% SnO2 yaitu 57,74 nm.

 

Characterization of LPG gas sensors made from material SnO2 doped with Al2O3 was performed. Samples were made with doped Percentages of 0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% mol of the basic ingredient SnO2. LPG gas sensors was tested at room temperature by measuring I-V’s characteristics, calculating values of sensitivity, selectivity, conductivity, response time and XRD characterization. Based on the measurement of I-V characteristics, the highest sensitivity of the sample 92% mol SnO2 + 8% mol Al2O3 is 4.33 at a voltage of 12 volts. The highest selectivity value of the sample 92% mol SnO2 + 8% mol Al2O3 is 2.67 at a voltage of 6 volts. The highest conductivity value was given a sample of 92% mol SnO2 + 8% mol Al2O3 is 12.06 x 10-4 / Ω.m in the LPG environment. The sample’s response time is 92% mol SnO2 + 8% mol Al2O3, which is 45 s at a voltage of 12 volts. The XRD results that the crystallite size of 92% mol SnO2 + 8% mol Al2O3 is 43.67 nm smaller than 100% SnO2 is 57.74 nm.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jfu.9.4.531-537.2020

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